The Autumn Garden dramaturgy: 1949 visual art

Table of Contents

Visual Art

As Adolf Hitler systematically eliminated artists whose ideals didn’t agree with his own, many emigrated to the United States, where they had a profound effect on American artists. The center of the western art world shifted from Paris to New York. To show the raw emotions, art became more abstract. Abstract Expressionism, also known as the New York School, was chaotic and shocking in an attempt to maintain humanity in the face of insanity. Jackson Pollock was the leading force in abstract expressionism, but many others were also influential, including Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Ad Reinhardt, Robert Motherwell, Lee Krasner, Franz Kline, Piet Mondrian, Arshile Gorky, Adolf Gottlieb, and Hans Hofmann. Andrew Wyeth, the most popular of American artists, didn’t fit in any movement. His most popular work, Christina’s World, was painted in 1948. Sculpture, too, became abstract and primitive, utilizing motion in Alexander Calder‘s mobiles, and modern materials such as steel and “found objects” rather than the traditional marble and bronze.

Painting: The Kitchen by Pablo Picasso; Leisure, Homage to David (Les Loisirs, hommage à David) by Fernand Léger; Evening Sun (Abendsonne) by Emil Nolde; Beginning (triptych) by Max Beckmann, who moved to New York 2 years ago; Number 2 by Jackson Pollock; Onement III by New York abstract expressionist Barnett (originally Baruch) Newman, 44; Buildings at Lebanon by Charles Sheeler; Somerset Maugham (expressionistic portrait) by Graham Sutherland.

Sculpture: Rhythmic Form (wood) by Barbara Hepworth.


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